Food And Pharma International

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Abstract: The present study was conducted during kharif seasons of 2012 and 2013 at the Krishi
Vigyan Kendra (KVK) of Shere-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Budgam, Jammu
and Kashmir. The climate of the experimental site was temperate with mild summers and cold winters, showing
wide variations in mean maximum and minimum temperatures.. Common bean variety “Shalimar Rajmash-1” and
maize variety “C-15” were used for the present study. The experiment was laid out in a complete randomized
design (CRD) with each treatment replicated three times. Different levels of DAP (20 and 40 kg) along with
different biofertilizer combinations like Rhizobium (Rhizobium leguminosarum), Azotobacter (Azotobacter
vinelandi), VAM (Glomus mosseae) have been used during the research. The results of the experiment revealed
that the growth, in terms of morphology and physiology, of all the inoculated plants was much better as
compared to control plants. The various growth parameters like plant height, fresh and dry weights and length
of the roots of the plants inoculated with Rhizobium + VAM @ 20 kg P/ha did best as compared to other
treatments as well as control. Rhizobium + VAM @ 20 kg P/ha in the present research also showed significant
impact on acid phosphatase activity in roots of common bean. Significant increase in N, P and K uptake was
recorded when plants were inoculated with Rhizobium + VAM @ 20 kg P/ha. Overall the significant increase in
growth and development was due to positive interactions among different microorganisms leading to healthy
and vigorously growing plants.